Saturday, February 8, 2020
Management - Case Study Example Resources within an organization includes finances, labor and time, which all are limited, yet important factors of production. In the 21st century, organizations have experienced intensive pressure to shift towards more production-oriented strategies to remain relevant and to overcome the numerous forces that are strenuous to business operations. For a smooth business run, organizational managers have to remain innovative and flexible to adapt to the dynamic market trends in their role of business coordination. Employees form part of the most vital resource that managers have to manipulate to tap their skills and knowledge and to direct them towards production. To optimize, it is important to align the employees to the organizational goals and to get them on board in the process of project implementation. Today, this has become the role that organizational managers have to shoulder if they have to succeed in their management duties. In the recent past, there has been an increase in work-related issues within many organizations due to conflicts as management face new market forces that require a transition into effective management strategies demanded by the dynamic market. ... Analysis of the Situation at Ground Matters on Ground In this case study, the university management experienced a conflict between the human resource manager and the chief Staff manager over the hiring of an employee in a matter of urgency in the organization. After the chief manager completed a selection process of an employee, the Human resource manager required that the employee produce a criminal investigation certificate as was provided by the organizational polices after which the employee would be served with a letter of acceptance. While the chief staff manager feels that in a matter of urgency the organizational policies can be overruled, the human resource manager feels that this would be a threat to these policies and insists on implementing them to the letter. Meeting between the two managers to discuss the issue ended up unsuccessful and as a matter of fact heightened the tension between the two officers. Resultantly, the chief staff officer had to resort to higher manag ement, the director, to resolve the issue at hand. Apart from heightening the tension between the two officers, the conflict between the two managers, had a consequence on the employees directly under them who also divided and supported their respective boss. The hired employee, Senior Academic Program specialist (SAPS) also felt that he was a victim a long and strenuous procedure and this had an impact of their work attitude. In summary, this conflict was extended to the entire organization and consequently had an impact on employee productivity in this organization. Scenario analysis In this case, the human resource manager and the chief staff manager had a conflict that seems to originate from differences in organizational strategy. While the human
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Consider Pip from Great Expectations and Ralph from Lord of the Flies Essay Which character do you think gives the most realistic portrayal of childhood? Both of these novels contain depictions of childhood. An important fact to keep aware of is that in Dickens portrayal of childhood, there are adults present to mould Pip through his encounters with them, whereas Golding leaves his characters free from any guiding adult hand. Pips sister being on the rampage when she felt Joe or Pip had done the slightest thing wrong, is different to Ralphs experience of childhood on the island as the closest thing he has to an adult guide is Piggy, who whilst undoubtedly more intelligent than the other boys, lacks the respect and authority an adult commands. Pip and Ralph are alike however in their longing for a lack of adults, but then the delight of a realized ambition overcame him. In the middle of the scar he stood on his head and grinned at the reversed fat boy. No grown ups! Is what Golding tells us of Ralph, and similarly Dickenss Pip calls them all toadies and humbugs. Although these views both seem to concur that a lack of adults is definitely a good thing, they do differ somewhat, I do not believe Ralph would go so far as to call all adults toadies and humbugs and this is certainly to do with their different backgrounds. Ralph is a Home Counties lad with a father high up in the navy who knows that the queen has a drawer full of maps, whereas Pip is the adopted son of a blacksmith and although Ralphs lifestyle may not necessarily have been glamorous, it was much more homely and welcoming than the one Pip enjoys. The two novels are also set over a greatly differing time span. Lord of the Flies lasts perhaps several weeks at the most, whereas Pips childhood lasts several years in Great Expectations. Obviously this will play a part in how realistic their childhoods seem as we see no more than the blinking of an eye of Ralphs, but have a much more in depth viewing of Pips. Adults mould Pip throughout his childhood, and the most important adults involved in this are Pumblechook, Mr Wopsle and Pips sister. All of these have a tendency to look down on Pip, and it is for that reason that Joe is not included in the list, as he and Pip treat each other like equals. Ralph on the other hand has no guiding force behind him throughout all the time the reader knows him. Whereas Ralph is a very expressive child, he stands on his head and laughs and looks golden, Pip is not, in the early stages of the book, free from the tyranny of his sister. So there is a crucial difference between the two novels in that Ralph and his companions are free to be children without adult ideals being laid upon them, whereas Pip is expected to be a child the way society expects him to be, be grateful boy to them which bought you up by hand being a good example of this. A key aspect of childhood is Fear, fear of the dark, fear of the unknown and fear of adults to name but a few. Both authors work this aspect of childhood into their novels somehow. Dickens does this with Magwitchs young man a boy may lock his door, may be warm in bed, may tuck himself up, may draw the clothes over his head, may think himself comfortable and safe, but that young man will softly creep and creep his way to him and tear him open. All this to scare Pip into getting him some wittles and it works, from the language in that quote, it is obviously apparent that Dickens had a very good idea of childhood and its workings, on of the few things universal to children is that they do think bed to be the ultimate haven. Pip is scared by Magwitch into stealing from his sister, who he is already afraid of, and this is significant in that it shows Dickens had a very good grasp of what childhood was about, and is thus likely to have a very good portrait of childhood in his novel. Possibly even more significant than this is that Pip steals a file from Joe his trusted friend, and this also shows more understanding on Dickens part about children, they do not discriminate between close friends and others to the extent older people do. And so we see the counter part to this in Lord of the Flies, when alone and with no adults on the desert island the children feel the need for a fire and steal Piggys glasses to light it. Piggy is Ralphs main ally on the island, and certainly Ralph is Piggys only friend, so the situation is much akin to the one in Great Expectations but we do not see the same level of remorse from Ralph. Instead of Pips fearful I held tight to the leg of the table under the cloth, with both hands, and awaited my fate in anticipation of any retribution that may be dealt out, all that Golding says of the boys remorse at leaving Piggy blind and helpless is for Ralph to hand them back when done with them, and it is here that it seems as though Golding has a better understanding of children, he appreciates that their consciences are not yet fully developed as they are unable to grasp the implications of what they have done. The fear that grows apparent on the island however is not the same kind of fear as Pip experiences. One of the little-uns complains of a beastie, nonsense is the response he gets from Ralph, and yet The vivid horror of this, so possible and nakedly terrifying held them all silent. And it is here where the crux of the argument begins to form for Dickens having the better portrayal of childhood. The Beastie is in fact symbolic of the horror humans will create on the island, and the rest of Goldings novel is also mostly symbolic, whereas Great Expectations isnt. The natural reaction for Ralph and company to have is to try and ward of the beastie somehow, and thus the fire begins to become more than simply a rescue beacon. The relationships between characters is also a major part in the views we are offered of childhood. Golding uses the views of others to reveal aspects of the main characters, and so influence how we feel about them, Piggys view of Ralph and the others Like a crowd of kids - is supposed to make the reader feel that Piggy is far more mature, and that in turn Ralph is excessively immature, and childlike. Dickens however uses Pips perspective throughout the novel, and the language he uses differs greatly at the start as compared to the finish for the purposes of showing the transition between child and adult. For example I religiously entertained that they had been born on their backs with their hands in their trouser pockets is clearly not the impression an adult would get from having dead brothers or sisters, and most likely not the way they would describe them. However at the end of the book the language use has progressed to statements such as Oh, Joe, you break my heart! Look angry at me, Joe! Strike me, Joe! Tell me of my ingratitude. Dont be so good to me. This is a statement the younger Pip would have been incapable of making, ti shows the complex differences in language that Dickens appreciates children use as compared to adults. In Great Expectations Pip is not treated as an adult, he is treated as a particularly worthless child, and as such he forms negative opinions of the adult world he will have to grow into, that ass Pumblechook being just one example of the way Pip views this world, however Dickens also understands that childrens attitudes change very quickly, as does Golding, and so when Pip obtains Great Expectations and Pumblechook starts acting up to him, then he decides that maybe Pumblechook was a practical, sensible, good hearted fellow. This is also shown in Lord of the Flies because although by the end Ralph and Jack are literally at each others throats, when making the fire at the start Ralph finds a log that looks too heavy, but gets the reply of Not for the two of us! And so Golding shows the reader a glimmer of hope that the two may get along well, but they dont, and this demonstrates the inconsistency of children. Ralph has responsibility for the other boys on the island, and this causes him in many aspects to grow up. Instead of being completely child like and swimming, diving and running about, he gets worked up because the shelters havent been made and the other are incapable of concentrating And they keep running off. You remember the meeting? How everyone was going to work hard until the shelters were finished? This is not a very childlike statement, children get frustrated because they dont get their own way, Ralph is not saying Im the leader and they dont obey me but instead worrying that the community is beginning to tear apart, a concern more voiced on tabloid letter pages than childrens conversations. Pip however has no such responsibility, admittedly while he does some chores set him by his sister, or his lessons under Mr Wopsles great aunt that preposterous female, he is nowhere near as empowered as Ralph who has been voted to care for a few dozen boys. And so this also affects the childhood of the two we see, while Ralph had the easiest growing up previous to the novel (with his parents) as opposed to Pips dead parents and harsh sister, he is given a far more demanding role to play. And the way he deals with it is not very childlike; in fact it comes to eventually represent the way a tired adult may feel, worn down, beginning to despair and wondering why on earth hes taken the responsibility at all. And this is another key point to consider, Goldings children are literary metaphors for mankind, whereas Pip, although he teaches the reader about aspects of the human character, is not supposed to be representative of the whole human race, and so more likely to represent childhood better. Yet another fact to remember is that Golding and Dickens were writing in very different times. Dickens was writing in what was the height of Victorian England and was teaching about society in those days. Whereas Golding was writing after the World Wars and so was trying to tell a more global message. So his Ralph is, although a child, not necessarily entirely representative of one. Pip however is forced to be a child by the constraining presence of his sister, Pumblechook and eventually the bond apprenticing him to Joe, all things that represent Victorian society, and yet things that still apply today even if in a different form, such as parental control and discipline and mandatory education. Childhood on Goldings island is also not really something enjoyed particularly by Ralph and his peers, instead it is the littleuns who are the children, Ralph and the other bigger boys find themselves in the positions of adults simply because they are the biggest ones on the island. Perhaps because they are not completely mature at the time this does not help them deal with the events that happen on the island. There is possibly a case for saying that Pip too, is no ordinary child and has to grow up very fast in his attempts to impress Estella and grows up even more rapidly once he has his expectations laid upon him. However this is most likely a part of his childhood akin to the beginning of school and as this has been a part of life for every child in the last hundred years and more, this is not something that can be argued as not being a part of childhood. And most certainly at the start of the novel Pip is a child plain and simple, with no more worries than his sisters rampages. Another aspect of childhood to consider is trust and loyalty. Children are usually trusting unless something happens to make them otherwise. In Lord of the Flies, loyalty is shown by the twins and Piggys dedication to Ralph and their faith in him to get them through. Ralph however displays a special kind of loyalty, a loyalty to the good side of human nature and a deep trust in fair play. Pips trust however is in Joe and his own learning, but the trust is very temporary with Joe, it is more of a mutual agreement to be equals. And Pip is more than happy to trade his oldest friend for some money and a life in London. Here again we see that Dickens understands children are rarely consistent, whereas Golding is trying to use children as a metaphor for something much bigger. To conclude I believe that Pip is by far the better portrayal of childhood. Childhood does not generally involve the lack of adult presence to so huge an extent as it does in Lord of the Flies, however the battles of child against adult and adult society such as are seen in Great Expectations do occur almost universally. I think that some qualities the reader sees in Ralph, such as the headstands, do display the kind of innocent glee a child might express, but other than that Ralph and is peers are all examples of the human race and so representative of those who rule the world, adults, and not of children who merely inhabit it. Goldings book is a political message of its time, whereas Dickens was writing a novel, but his was free from the idealism that contaminates Goldings work. Dickens novel still had a point, but this point was made about the way in which his society worked and in particular his belief that money is a great corrupter. Therefore I believe that Dickens Pip is the most realistic portrayal of childhood as he behaves like a child, his expressions and attitudes are all those common to children. Dickens also displays a deep understanding of how children work, and this comes across in Pips actions. Goldings children however are only just recognisable as children, they could easily be replaced with full grown adults and still the story would work just as well.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Under The Spell "The great advantage of having an ancestry like that of a mongrel dog is I have so many ancestral homes to go home to." We caught the ferry from Le Havre, France to Ireland, land of my ancestors. Every since I was a wee lad, my mind has been used as a canvas by every Irishman who has been displaced from the Emerald Isle. A picture of quaintness bordering upon myth. Cute I thought it would be, but never as much as the tourist hype I had read. I donned my suit of armor constructed of cynicism, forged by age. Protected thus from the hype, I the ancestral child would see Ireland as it really is. Mind you, no tourist hype for me. The ship pulled in to Rosslare Harbor near Wexford and lowered its gangplank. I made it most of the way down before I was sucked clean out of my armor into, head over heels, and under the spell of the Emerald Isle. We had arranged for a rental car, to be picked upon arrival at the harbor. I thought perhaps we would be shown how to operate it. Instead the attendant said in his sweet Irish brogue, "It's the wee red one over there," and handed me the keys. Still dazed by the sudden entrance in to "The Spell" we sped off in our wee red Ford Fiesta. Every so many hundred yards along the road signs reminded us to "Drive to the left." On the open road it was no problem, however moments later in the congestion of Wexford I was near panic, yelling at Travis to help remind me what side of the street I was on. It didn't help that he often mixes left and right up in his mind, some sort of hereditary functional disorder. I almost broke out in sweat when I had to make my first right turn feeling as though I was going head on into the oncoming traffic. By the time we got through Wexford I was in desperate need to stop for a wee pee. I saw a small side road and took that hoping to find a secluded spot to relieve myself. I discovered that when you leave the main roads in Ireland you are almost immediately secluded. We stopped in front of an old abandoned barn made of stone with an unusual door shaped like a horseshoe. The earth smelled wet and fresh and was a bit boggy, more so when I departed. It was only a few hundred yards before we learned our first rule of driving in Ireland. Under The Spell :: Creative Writing Short Stories Traveling Essays Under The Spell "The great advantage of having an ancestry like that of a mongrel dog is I have so many ancestral homes to go home to." We caught the ferry from Le Havre, France to Ireland, land of my ancestors. Every since I was a wee lad, my mind has been used as a canvas by every Irishman who has been displaced from the Emerald Isle. A picture of quaintness bordering upon myth. Cute I thought it would be, but never as much as the tourist hype I had read. I donned my suit of armor constructed of cynicism, forged by age. Protected thus from the hype, I the ancestral child would see Ireland as it really is. Mind you, no tourist hype for me. The ship pulled in to Rosslare Harbor near Wexford and lowered its gangplank. I made it most of the way down before I was sucked clean out of my armor into, head over heels, and under the spell of the Emerald Isle. We had arranged for a rental car, to be picked upon arrival at the harbor. I thought perhaps we would be shown how to operate it. Instead the attendant said in his sweet Irish brogue, "It's the wee red one over there," and handed me the keys. Still dazed by the sudden entrance in to "The Spell" we sped off in our wee red Ford Fiesta. Every so many hundred yards along the road signs reminded us to "Drive to the left." On the open road it was no problem, however moments later in the congestion of Wexford I was near panic, yelling at Travis to help remind me what side of the street I was on. It didn't help that he often mixes left and right up in his mind, some sort of hereditary functional disorder. I almost broke out in sweat when I had to make my first right turn feeling as though I was going head on into the oncoming traffic. By the time we got through Wexford I was in desperate need to stop for a wee pee. I saw a small side road and took that hoping to find a secluded spot to relieve myself. I discovered that when you leave the main roads in Ireland you are almost immediately secluded. We stopped in front of an old abandoned barn made of stone with an unusual door shaped like a horseshoe. The earth smelled wet and fresh and was a bit boggy, more so when I departed. It was only a few hundred yards before we learned our first rule of driving in Ireland.
Monday, January 13, 2020
The recent Ã¢â¬Å"box office rebirthÃ¢â¬ of EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s favorite bard has left Hollywood with much to do about interpreting ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s classic dramas. The characters of Ophelia, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, the gravedigger, and of course Hamlet himself take new life, as the greatest actors of our time assume these timeless roles. Produced in 1990, Mel GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"HamletÃ¢â¬ is a more straightforward, highly edited version of the original text in comparison to Kenneth BrannaghÃ¢â¬â¢s lavish rendition of the same tale. At only 135 minutes, GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"HamletÃ¢â¬ might be considered Ã¢â¬Å"Shakespeare Light,Ã¢â¬ the cinematic equivalent of CliffÃ¢â¬â¢s Notes. However, although Brannagh should be commended for sticking to the text, be forewarned about this Ã¢â¬Å"HamletÃ¢â¬ -by including every line of the original play, this movie clocks in at exactly 242 minutes. The setting chosen for BrannaghÃ¢â¬â¢s and GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Elsinore CastleÃ¢â¬ are as different as day and night, quite literally. And these bright and dark castle settings symbolically reinforce the specific Ã¢â¬Å"moodÃ¢â¬ or themes each director emphasizes. For instance, the lugubrious Gibson feels perfectly at home in his dark and dank mansion, an ideal place for a grieving soul to maintain its ruefull descent. Conversely, the introspective Brannagh is continuously catching glimpses of himself and others (and into their true souls) in the mirror-lined ballrooms of his glistening castle. Since Hamlet is, in its essence, truly a ghost story (so apropos for Halloween week!), each director has handled these Ã¢â¬Å"special effectsÃ¢â¬ quite differently. Gibson gives a more stage-like handling of the ghost ofÃ HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father, using only lighting to cast an eerie glow or flickering shadows on its actors. Brannagh, on the other hand, seeks to use every filmmakerÃ¢â¬â¢s device possible, including the light blue glowing eyes of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father and the Ã¢â¬Å"dry ice forest,Ã¢â¬ (both of which stretched the limits of viewersÃ¢â¬â¢ imagination). One special effect that worked very effectively was the use of Ã¢â¬Å"flashbacksÃ¢â¬ in a characterÃ¢â¬â¢s memory, specifically in scenes which show Hamlet and OpheliaÃ¢â¬â¢s romantic (yet clandestine) relationship developing. The greatest aspect of watching the Gibson and Brannagh films together is noticing the subtle differences between each actorÃ¢â¬â¢s expression of the same character. Both versions address, or evade, some of the most controversial issues in interpreting this play: HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s possible madness, his seemingly Oedipal relationship with his mother, and OpheliaÃ¢â¬â¢s suicidal demise. Mel Gibson portrays a brooding, sullen-browed young HamletÃ¢â¬âmoody, miserable yet clever and cunning, and always lurking in the dark corners of this ever-somber castle. By contrast, Brannagh commands the screen with a Hamlet more brash and emboldened than GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s, a determined young man whose bright and opulent surroundings reflect a very intellectual, socially and politically astute strategist (not to mention pretentious snob!). Both tiptoe the line between sanity and madness, without ever fully crossing over into a psychological abyss. With Glenn Close playing Gertrude, HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, Gibson intensifies the Oedipal overtones between the queen mother and her son. Beautiful, elegant, and intensely emotional, Gertrude exudes an exuberant yet refined sensuality throughout the early scenes of the film. Does she linger a little too long on the lips of Hamlet, or is this merely a joyous display of affection for her only son? The famous, and perhaps infamous, bedroom scene eventually shows the glamorous duo of Close and Gibson struggling against one another, and the final fencing scene also emphasizes this pair, their constant awareness of the otherÃ¢â¬â¢s situation. By casting the ethereal Close alongside the handsome Hamlet, Gibson focusesÃ on the mother-son relationship versus the Ophelia-Hamlet romance, as Helena Bonham-Carter presents an overly passive, almost prepubescent and one-dimensional performance of Ophelia. Too young, too much manipulated by her father, Ophelia in her insanity scene merely shows a weak young woman overcome by her own pitiful plight. Because her relationship with Hamlet is never developed in GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Hamlet,Ã¢â¬ OpheliaÃ¢â¬â¢s suicide is a merely an action that furthers the plot of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s fateÃ¢â¬âit is not given consideration as the fate of Ophelia herself, a complex, passionate, and Ã¢â¬Å"three-dimensionalÃ¢â¬ character in the play. BrannaghÃ¢â¬â¢s casting of Ã¢â¬Å"ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s womenÃ¢â¬ gives an entirely different interpretation. To begin with, Julie Christie (as Gertrude) is downright homely in comparison to Glenn Close (check out the differences between the early Ã¢â¬Å"consoling sceneÃ¢â¬ of each film in which Gertrude tells Hamlet that death is Ã¢â¬Å"commonÃ¢â¬ ). Thus, Christie is perfect for BrannaghÃ¢â¬â¢s interpretationÃ¢â¬âHamlet seeks to avenge his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death not because of his Oedipal attraction to his mother (which would be too emotional and adolescent for this prince), but rather for some higher sense of truth and justice (perfect for the philosophical Brannagh). Christie is not the amiable, all-loving (or sensual) mother that we saw Close to be, and thus GertrudeÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"motivationÃ¢â¬ to marry the brother of her dead husband seems more about politics and power than pure passion. Her role in the movie and the sympathy she evokes in the viewers diminis hes greatly as we view her (and her second husband) with suspicion and even aversion. Yet Kate Winslet (also starring in Ã¢â¬Å"Sense and Sensibility,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Heavenly CreaturesÃ¢â¬ ), cast as Ophelia, is simply breathtaking. Her presence on the screen commands the full attention of viewers, and Brannagh uses her charisma to create perhaps the most fully developed representation of Ophelia to be brought to any film. She is shown as a strong-willed, intelligent and independent young woman who is passionately in love (and lust!) with her eccentric prince. If you have seen and heard her grief expressed in Ã¢â¬Å"Heavenly Creatures,Ã¢â¬ then you will know that her Ã¢â¬Å"insanity sceneÃ¢â¬ is the most harrowing display of a heartÃ¢â¬â¢s devastation that you might ever see. Her ethereal voice, her song of sadness, will be hard for viewers to forget. With a cast of characters including Billy Crystal, Charlton Heston, Robin Williams and Jack Lemmon, Kenneth BrannaghÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"HamletÃ¢â¬ is a sure-hit among devoted Ã¢â¬Å"Shakespeare-philes.Ã¢â¬ Yet, the dynamic performances of the characters in GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"HamletÃ¢â¬ guarantee that both movies are even better appreciated when viewed, and compared, together. One of the greatest aspects about ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s plays is the never-ending interpretations and expressions that can be madeÃ¢â¬ânot only by film makers with their elaborate scenery and all-star casts, but also by each of us as viewers and, hopefully, as readers too.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 704 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2019/05/08 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: Modest Proposal Essay Did you like this example? The art of confrontation can be handled in many different ways. Some may use a passive aggressive technique to make others know they are offended or something needs to change. Few people use a direct confrontation technique by approaching the person with the opposing view and having an outright dispute with them leaving nothing unsaid. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Modest Proposal Is An Essay" essay for you Create order There are others who avoid confrontation at all cost because they are scared of the outcome or afraid of disappointing the opposing party. A Modest Proposal uses a confrontational language called satire. Satire is used in several literary works to point out flaws by using sarcasm, irony, and ridicule. This type of approach has often been used by writers to shed a light on necessary political or social change, or to prevent such change. A Modest Proposal is an essay about a concept to help prevent poor peoples children from being a burden to the country and their families. The goal of the proposal is to find an idea to help these children better the community and stop this from happening in the future. In order to grab the attention of the audience the author, Jonathan Swift, used a satirical writing style for his essay. He jokes on previous ideas other people have proposed to solve the big problems in their society. The other ideas are almost as absurd as the actual proposal by Swift. Although these proposals are unusually dramatic, they do cause leaders in government and other spheres to take a closer look at the true problems in their society. A proposal to eat infant babies should never be considered a rational proposal but its motives should be evaluated. In his essay, Swift made a comment about the carcasses of the infants being used for ladys gloves and gentlemens boots. When he presented this idea it dehumanized infants and made them comparable to animals whose bodies are utilized for numerous different products. This is an example of Swift using sarcasm to attract the readers and hold a mirror to the face of the community so they see there is a real problem which needs to be fixed. Swift goes on to insert proposals from his friends, one of which suggested fourteen year olds could be eaten as well. This statement is satirical but goes into detail about concerns people had about the taste compared to infants and the fact it would limit the number of breeders. This idea in particular had a conflicting argument because the problem was overpopulation in the first place. Swifts last proposal was him saying he had nothing to gain economically from this proposal. This statement alone mocks the other individuals who gave proposals to fix the problem of overpopulation because they were serious about their proposal even though it was just as absurd as Swifts. Jonathan Swift had to choose a satirical method of confrontation in his writing simply because he would not have received a response if he expressed his true beliefs. If he would have written his opinion and true beliefs about the state of the lower class in Ireland which truly felt was shameful and something must be done to help them, the essay would not be read around the world like it still is today. He would have had little success because there were several other straight forward proposals circulating at the time. It was hard for anyone to write a piece addressing societys issues which had a lasting effect but Swift realized people like to criticize and they like to laugh. A satirical parody had a greater chance of getting the publics attention in a way a standard essay could not achieve. A Modest Proposal surprised people and got them thinking about the condition of the poor in Ireland and what should be done about it. Swift realized when addressing and critiquing very sensitive subjects such as the nations religion and its authorities it is much safer to us a satire rather than directly challenging authority. The audience is entertained by the sarcasm but still able to see through the sarcasm to the real issue. A direct approach may be the obviously best choice but its not always the most effective as shown by A Modest Proposal.
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Christopher Columbus and Bartolome de la Casas Christopher Columbus and Bartolome de la Casas are similar in most ways but have a major difference. They were both explorers of the New World and came to convert the natives into Catholics. The two explorers worked on the SpanishÃ¢â¬â¢s behalf. Columbus wrote accounts of the New World in his journal. La Casas wrote the Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies. Both gave accounts of the native people they saw. ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢s journal entries aim to give a positive light on the Spanish and their relationship with the natives. La CasasÃ¢â¬â¢s Brief Account does the opposite. While this is true, both explores worked faithfully in favor of the Catholic Church, but they each held different beliefs on the treatment of natives as slaves. Christopher Columbus was an Italian who worked on behalf of, King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella I. The Spanish monarchsÃ¢â¬â¢ ultimate goals were to find a trade routine to India, Asia and to spread the Catholic religion to others. They financed Columbus with the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria to find a western route to India. Thinking that it was India, Columbus found land. In his journal, Columbus described his first account of the natives as Ã¢â¬Å"they were very friendly to us, and perceived that they could be much more easily converted to our holy faith by gentle means than by forceÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Fordham UniversityÃ¢â¬ ). Also, he plans for them to be great servants so they Ã¢â¬Å"may learn our languageÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Fordham UniversityÃ¢â¬ ). He saysShow MoreRelatedColumbus Day1219 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesnames, Martin Luther King Jr., and Christopher Columbus. When we celebrate Columbus Day, we are honoring a man who helped spark a holocaust situation of the people of Ame rica and the Atlantic slave trade. Furthermore, Columbus never set foot on the land we call the United States, nor was the first explorer to reach the new world. Columbuss arrival in the new world was proceeded by the explorer Leif Ericson and others. The true discoverers of the land Columbus encountered are the ancestors of theRead MoreEssay on The Debate about Honoring Christopher Columbus512 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagestaught of the great explorer who discovered America, Christopher Columbus. Tales of his many voyages and the names of his ships the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria are engrained into the minds of children through rhyme and song. For many years the history written in text books have been regard as fact however information provided by Howard Zinn excerpt has shed new light on the shadowy past of Christopher Columbus. In recent history, Christopher Columbus has been regarded as a great explorer renowned forRead MoreEssay on Columbus and Indians1129 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRegarding the article, Ã¢â¬Å"Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress, Dr. Howard Zinn argues that there is another perspective to consider as to Christopher ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢ adventures. Dr. Howard ZinnÃ¢â¬â¢s position is that history books have omissions of slavery, death and innocent bloodshed that accompanied the adventures of Christopher Columbus. In the following statements Dr. Howard Zinn describes his perspective; Ã¢â¬Å"The writer began the history, five hundred years ago, of the European invasion of the IndianRead MoreIn defense of the Indians by Las Casas and On the Cannibals by Montaigne1345 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesConquest of Central and South America and the voyage to the New World by Christopher Columbus in 1492 brought the Spanish crown a great amount of wealth. The native inhabitants which resided in the Americas prior to the discovery, saw what was once their home being taken away from them and being completely devoured by the Conquistas. In Defense of the Indians by Bartolome de Las Casas and On the Cannibals by Michel Eyquem , Seigneur De Montaigne are two recounts of how the Conquistas treated the nativeRead More Christopher Columbus Was a Murderer Essay examples1541 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChristopher Columbus Was a Murderer The second Monday in October is celebrated across America as Columbus Day. It is a celebration of the man who discovered America. In school, children are taught that Christopher Columbus was a national hero. In actuality, the man was a murderer. It is true that he found a land that was unknown to the civilized world, yet in this discovery, he erased the natives inhabiting the land. With slavery, warfare, and inhumane acts, Christopher Columbus and the menRead MoreStudy Guide Essay example790 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespages 1-11? His thesis for the first eleven pages is to describe past events as they happened. Regarding Columbus, Zinn wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t glorify him as a hero, because he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t. He was violent and greedy and would describe him as such. 3. According to Zinn, how is Columbus portrayed in traditional history books? as an enlightened, peaceful explorer who befriended the native people. Christopher Columbus, portrayed by Zinn as an agent of conquest with a lust for gold and other resources, was one who had theRead MoreThe Positive Effects Of The Columbian Exchange1051 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescultures, and ideas throughout the world. The new worlds that had been discovered were a part of this Columbian Exchange, and were exposed to many new and foreign goods as well as people. The Americas, or New World, were faced with harsh treatment from Columbus and his crew, along with the rampant spread of new diseases that took a large toll on the Native populations. The Indies were also subject to these same factors. So, was the Columbian exchange an overall positive event for the Americas? While notRead MoreThe Discovery Of Christopher Columbus1474 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfamous quote Ã¢â¬Å"Fourteen Hundred Ninety-Two, Columbus sai led the ocean blueÃ¢â¬ . What most children arenÃ¢â¬â¢t taught is that Christopher Columbus left an extremely violent and tragic legacy that is not worthy of an annual celebration. Every year, America devotes a holiday to a man who tortured, raped and murdered innocent people. Granted, the expedition Columbus embarked on brought a whole new understanding of the world to the Europeans. However, Christopher Columbus cared very little about establishing tradeRead MoreThe Brutality, Injustice, and Institution of Slavery is Wrong in any Age858 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswritings of BartolomÃ © De Las Casas and Olaudah Equiano. Although their perceptions are from different points in time, the themes of injustice, brutality, and heinous treatment of slaves are not only realized but became a defining moment in their lives where their agenda developed into one of change, culminating into a fight for protection from inhumane treatment, equality and abolishment of this cancerous tort. The inaugural application of slavery in the New World as recalled by BartolomÃ © De Las CasasRead MoreA People s History Of The Us1758 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthe different perspectives on Christopher Columbus of historian Howard Zinn, as well as the impacts created by the arrival of Columbus to Ã¢â¬Å"The New WorldÃ¢â¬ in the history of the United States. ZinnÃ¢â¬â¢s book, A PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s History of the US, reveals to us the truth about Columbus and his arrival to the Ã¢â¬Å"New WorldÃ¢â¬ . In other words, Zinn teaches us that the history of Columbus that has been narrated to us when we are in school, is false and different to the real story of Columbus in the Ã¢â¬Å"The New WorldÃ¢â¬ . It is
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Every painting is a unique experience for each individual person, therefore two of the artists that offered some of the most unique experiences where Leonardo da vinci and Michelangelo. While both of these painters are today well regarded and remembered, during their time they both had achieved such status in vastly different ways. Therefore even though these two artists lived during the same time these two are nothing alike. With their unique take on the world and events around them they were able to shape how the average person thought about the world around them. Public figures dont get to where they were by doing nothing the same can be said with the hoops that Leonardo da vinci did to achieve his status as a artist. Da vinciÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Therefore one of his grammar school friends Domenico Ghirlandaio realized this and introduced him to the painter Domenico Ghirlandaio, his father soon realized he had no interest in becoming a banker, therefore agreed to apprentice him to the fashionable Florentine painters workshop. Only after a year Michelangelo was offered an extraordinary opportunity to study classical sculpture in the Medici gardens.Michelangelo fled to Bologna after the death of Lorenzo the MagnificentÃ¢â¬â¢s death, where he continued his study.In 1495 he moved back to Florence in 1495 to begin work as a sculptor, modeling his style after masterpieces of classical antiquity. In 1498 he moved to rome where he got commissioned by Jean BilhÃ ¨res de La Graulas, a representative of the French King Charles VIII to the p ope, where he did the statue pieta. Upon completion he moved back to Florence where he was now seen as a prominent figure in the art industry, soon after he moved back he started work on the statue of david.After this he really blew up getting asked to do works such as decorating the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and the creation of adam. After a brief illness, Michelangelo in 1564, coincidentally he is one of the only artists during this time to see the popularity of his art during his lifetime. Even though these two have different ways of achieving the point they are today, theresShow MoreRelatedA Study in Portraits Ã¢â¬â Da Vinci and Van Gogh1434 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA Study in Portraits Ã¢â¬â da Vinci and Van Gogh Two of the greatest artists of all time would have to be Leonardo da Vinci (1452 Ã¢â¬â 1519) and Vincent Van Gogh (1853 Ã¢â¬â 1890). Da Vinci was an artistic genius, as well as an ingenious inventor and scientist, while Van Gogh was an artistic savant whose mental instability cut short a career of wonder and enlightenment. Both artists presented works that made people look both outside at the artwork itself as well as inside the individual viewer in orderRead MoreHumanism : Renaissance And Renaissance Thought955 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Renaissance is a period in European history which signifies the rebirth of classical learning and rediscovery. The best possible way to get a grasp about what the Renaissance was all about is to compare it to a previous age. The middle ages for example, could be defined as a spiritual age. In contrast, the Renaissance was a secular age which was more man-centered rather than God-centered. The Renaissance is said to have begun in Italy as early as the 14th century immediately after the middle agesRead MoreBaroque and High Renaissance760 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesand with its popularity it quickly spread around Europe. High Renaissance artist displaces the importance of draftsmanship, structured, and often-centralized compositions. Many artists quickly rise to stardom during these eras. This paper compares and contrasts these two art periods with the works created by great artists such as Marcantonio Franceschini who lived during the Baroque period and Mariotto Albertinelli who lived during the High Renaissance period. Baroque style of art was not alwaysRead MoreRenaissance in Cinquecento Italy 1313 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand facial expressions, as well as any relevant elements of art and principals of design (see handout from September or Google Ã¢â¬Å"art elements and design principalsÃ¢â¬ ). ANDREA DEL VERROCCHIO, David 1465 Ã¢â¬â 1470 or DONATELLO, David, 1440Ã¢â¬â1460 VS. MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, David, 1501 Ã¢â¬â 1504 Interest in humanism and the rebirth of Classical, spur an interest in authentic Roman and Greek sculptures. The revival of nudity in life-size sculpture was initiated by DonatelloÃ¢â¬â¢s David, and continued throughRead MoreThe Deposition From The Cross And The Entombment Of Christ1585 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLucy Corvalan Instructor Matthies LA 121 December 2, 2016 Compare and Contrast: The Deposition from the Cross and The Entombment of Christ The subject of religion has captured the attention of artists for centuries, working its way throughout the years, in and out of various of styles and movements. The artists of this era often found themselves reliant on this subject matter due to Churches being a steady Patron throughout the Renaissance all the way to theRead MoreThe Hidden Meanings Within Michelangelo s The Creation Of Adam2224 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesof these interpretations are valid and offer special insight into the fresco, they are not based in objective reason. In this essay, I will explain the significance of their stretched fingers using simplified mathematics. The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo is one of the most recognizable pieces of artwork in the history of art and still today in modern times. This fresco is the fourth scene along the middle strip on the Sistine ceiling illustrating stories from the book of Genesis. This scene portraysRead MoreThe Story of Russ and Ashley1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinfluence on their future together. While Ashley never left the country until this trip, Russ was very experienced in travelling and the actual point of the journey seemed much more important to him in comparison to Italys beauty. Nothing could compare to his soul-mates smile when she saw him and this is why he always tried to make her smile. Ashley did not know about Russ plans and simply wanted to enjoy the trip next to the person whom she loved most in the world. Russ wanted to take advantageRead MoreComparsion of Three Renaissance Paintings and Sculptures Essay1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Renaissance was big part of the past era even today we still have festivals celebrating the Renaissance. I am going to compare and contrast the difference between three different paintings and sculptures that were a big part of the Renaissance era. The Limbourg brothers were both born in the Netherlands, but worked in France. They featured calendars of religious feast days; these calendars are richly embellished with finely detailed scenes of activities and tasks associated with certain monthsRead MoreSt. John the Baptist in Paintings2642 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesup together. Next, the Michelangelo creates a livelier painting by portraying a hidden story through symbolism. Scholar Hutan Ashrafian dives into this hidden story by analyzing the shape of John the BaptistÃ¢â¬â¢s head. He claims Michelangelo paints John with a disease called thalassemia. Thalassemia is a blood disorder that causes disproportions of the face, can lead to early morality, and was common during the renaissance era. With this, one can translate that Michelangelo wants to show that JohnRead MoreThe Essential Questions5521 Words Ã |Ã 23 Pagescounter-Renaissance, but the counter-Renaissance won the day. Rationalism and foundationalism of the modern per iod is a logical or direct outgrowth of the Renaissance, but in some important ways a reversal of the original Renaissance spirit. Compare and contrast the Northern Renaissance with the Mediterranean Renaissance? In some areas the Northern Renaissance was distinct from the Italian Renaissance in its centralization of political power. While Italy and Germany were dominated by independent